Investment Institute
Fixed Income

Market conditions and when to use inflation-linked bonds

  • 13 July 2022 (3 min read)
Inflation video series : Module 4 - Market conditions and when to use inflation-linked bonds

Market conditions and when to use inflation-linked bonds

In the previous modules of the AXA IM Inflation Series, we have looked at what inflation is and how inflation-linked bonds can mitigate the risk of inflation. We’ve covered some of the main principles when valuing inflation-linked bonds and explored the impact duration has. Now, we will discuss what to expect from different inflation-linked bond strategies depending on market conditions.

There are three main approaches to investing in inflation-linked bonds:

  1. All maturities
  2. Short duration
  3. Inflation breakevens

All maturities

All maturities refers to investing in the entire universe of inflation linked bonds which has around 11 years of duration.

These tend to perform best when real interest rates are falling. Whenever interest rates rise, this strategy can deliver positive returns as long as the duration impact is not greater than inflation.

Short Duration

Investors who are willing to capture inflation indexation without being exposed to high duration prefer short duration inflation-linked bonds. In this type of strategy, the main performance will be realised inflation as by definition the sensitivity to interest rates is lower.

Short duration is normally considered to be around 3 years. Investing in short duration bonds should deliver positive returns as long as the sum of realized inflation and real yield is above zero.

Inflation breakevens

The breakeven is the inflation level for which an investment made in an inflation-linked bond equals an investment made in a fixed-rate bond. In simple terms, the breakeven rate is the difference between the real yield of an inflation-linked bond and the nominal yield of a bond with similar characteristics.

This provides the expected average rate of inflation until the bond’s maturity that is embedded in market prices. There are different ways to build a long breakeven strategy. The simplest way is by purchasing inflation-linked bonds and hedging their duration through the sale of nominal bonds or futures.

CPI 5-year swap vs Realized inflation
Source: Refinitiv Datastream 13/05/2022

As this chart shows, inflation breakevens tend to follow realized inflation. A long breakeven strategy will deliver positive returns as long as inflation expectations rise. Since breakevens tend to follow inflation momentum, high but stable inflation may not be the best environment for inflation breakevens.

There are several approaches when it comes to investing in inflation-linked bonds but which one to choose, beyond an investor’s broader portfolio considerations, will depend on the inflationary environment.

Fixed income

Inflation

Inflation can erode the real returns of investments however tools like inflation-linked bonds could help investors mitigate the effects of inflation on their portfolio.

Find out more

Watch the other modules from our inflation series

The objective of this series is to make inflation-linked bonds investing simple to investors.

    Disclaimer

    This website is published by AXA Investment Managers Asia (Singapore) Ltd. (Registration No. 199001714W) for general circulation and informational purposes only. It does not constitute investment research or financial analysis relating to transactions in financial instruments, nor does it constitute on the part of AXA Investment Managers or its affiliated companies an offer to buy or sell any investments, products or services, and should not be considered as solicitation or investment, legal or tax advice, a recommendation for an investment strategy or a personalized recommendation to buy or sell securities. It has been prepared without taking into account the specific personal circumstances, investment objectives, financial situation or particular needs of any particular person and may be subject to change without notice. Please consult your financial or other professional advisers before making any investment decision.

    Due to its simplification, this publication is partial and opinions, estimates and forecasts herein are subjective and subject to change without notice. There is no guarantee forecasts made will come to pass. Data, figures, declarations, analysis, predictions and other information in this publication is provided based on our state of knowledge at the time of creation of this publication. Whilst every care is taken, no representation or warranty (including liability towards third parties), express or implied, is made as to the accuracy, reliability or completeness of the information contained herein. Reliance upon information in this material is at the sole discretion of the recipient. This material does not contain sufficient information to support an investment decision.

    All investment involves risk, including the loss of capital. The value of investments and the income from them can fluctuate and investors may not get back the amount originally invested.

    Some of the Services and/or products may not be available for offer to retail investors.

    This publication has not been reviewed by the Monetary Authority of Singapore.